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Mammal. This old world monkey is closely related to baboons and is the largest of all monkeys. Males are more colorful than females, and about twice as big. When a male becomes excited or confrontational, the colors on his face become even brighter and serve as a warning to rivals. Mandrills are sociable animals, living in groups that may number from fifteen to 200 members. They live primarily on the ground, but may occasionally sleep in trees. Using their fingers with dexterity, mandrills dig, sort, prepare, and eat their food. Like squirrels, mandrills have cheek pouches, which enable them to carry food to be eaten later.
Scientific Name Lifespan
Mandrillus sphinx 20-31 years
Herbivore. Grass, fruit, seeds, fungi, roots and, although they are primarily herbivorous, mandrills will eat insects and small vertebrates.
Predators and Threats
Leopards, crowned hawk-eagles, chimpanzees, snakes, and humans.
Rainforest; West Central Africa, South Cameroon, Gabon, and Congo.